Clinical Psychology Associates of North =
Providing Quality Psychological Consultation, Assessment and
Psychotherapy to the North Central Florida
2121 NW 40th=
Ste B. Gainesville FL 32605 =
Are alcohol problems th=
for men and women?
Sex differences in alcohol abuse and dependence
Kay Hurlock, Psy.D., Clinical Psychology Associates of North Central
style=3D'color:navy'>Are there gender differences in rates of alcohol use a=
Dependence and Abuse comprise one of the most common disorders.<=
are generally twice to five times as likely to experience alcohol abuse or
research indicates a disturbing trend: Adolescent females 12 to 17 are equa=
as likely as adolescent males to have met alcohol abuse or dependence
account for more treatment admissions for alcohol abuse than do females.=
More than 40% of people who initiat=
drinking before age 15 were diagnosed as alcohol dependent at some point in
Although in the past women generally start=
drinking at later ages than men, more recent survey data show a trend that
alcohol abuse and dependence rates in women are increasing.
While females who abuse alcohol usually st=
later than males, problems tend to develop more rapidly so that by middle a=
women often encounter the same problems as men.
style=3D'color:navy'>Does alcohol affect women the same as it affects men?<=
Women appear to be more susceptible than m=
to many adverse effects of alcohol use.
Women achieve higher concentrations of alc=
in the blood and become more impaired than men after drinking the same amou=
of alcohol. This is because women absorb and metabolize alcohol differently
then men. Basically, women ha=
less body water, so they achieve higher concentrations of alcohol in the bl=
after equivalent amounts of alcohol.
different body composition and increased alcohol concentrations make women =
susceptible to earlier health effects of alcohol abuse and dependence.
Are there Special
Concerns for Women regarding Alcohol Use, Abuse or Dependence?
Women with a history of childhood neglect
significantly have more alcohol-related symptoms, independent of parental
alcohol or other drug (AOD) problems, childhood poverty, race, and age.
Physical abuse during adulthood has also b=
associated with women's alcohol use and related problems.
A survey of female college students found a
significant relationship between the amounts of alcohol the women reported
drinking each week and their experiences of sexual victimization.
Another study found that female high school
students who used alcohol in the past year were more likely, than non-drink=
students, to be the victims of dating violence (e.g., shoving, kicking, or
A history of heavy premarital drinking, by
both partners, has been found to predict first-year aggression among newlyw=
In some studies, problem drinking by wives has been linked to husband-to-wi=
aggression regardless of the husbands' drinking levels.
Research suggests that women are more at r=
than men to medical problems, psychological or physical trauma, legal and
Women will develop alcohol-induced liver
disease over a shorter period of time and after consuming less alcohol.
Women are more likely than men to develop alcoholic hepatitis and=
die from cirrhosis. =
higher risk of liver damage may be due to the effects of the female hormone
report that moderate to heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk for br=
Motor Vehicle Accidents
Although women are less likely than men to
drive after drinking and less likely to be involved in fatal alcohol-related
crashes, women have a higher relative risk of driver fatality than men at
similar blood alcohol concentrations.
Women's lower rates of drinking and driving
may be attributed to their lower tendency toward risk taking compared with =
Women are also less likely to view drinking
and driving as acceptable behavior.
American Psychiatric Association (2000).<=
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision=
NIAAA. Alcohol Alert No. 46: Are Women More Vulnerable to
Alcohol’s Effects?. Rockville, MD: the Institute, 1999.=
All rights reserved: C=
Psychology Associates of North Central Florida, P.A. Gainesville,
Florida (352) 336-2888 CPANCF.COM